Using terms such as traits, states, and personality, develop your own definition of the word personality. What does personality mean to you?
Conduct research on the theories of personality and answer the following questions:
|Title:||An existential criterion for normal and abnormal personality in the works of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler.|
|Authors:||Kapustin, Sergey A.|
|Source:||Psychology in Russia. State of the Art; 2015, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p4-16, 13p|
|Author-Supplied Keywords:||abnormal personality
|People:||FROMM, Erich, 1900-1980|
|Abstract:||This is the second in a series of four articles scheduled for publication in this journal. In the previous article I proposed a description of a new so-called existential criterion of normal and abnormal personality that is implicitly present in the works of Erich Fromm. According to this criterion, normal and abnormal personalities are determined, first, by special features of the content of their position regarding existential dichotomies that are natural to human beings and, second, by particular aspects of the formation of this position. Such dichotomies, entitatively existent in all human life, are inherent, two-alternative contradictions. The position of a normal personality in its content orients one toward a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and the necessity of searching for compromise in resolving these dichotomies. This position is created on a rational basis with the person’s active participation. The position of an abnormal personality in its content subjectively denies a contradictious predetermination of life in the form of existential dichotomies and orients one toward a consistent, noncompetitive, and, as a consequence, onesided way of life that doesn’t include self-determination. This position is imposed by other people on an irrational basis. Abnormality of personality interpreted like that is one of the most important factors influencing the development of various kinds of psychological problems and mental disorders — primarily, neurosis. In this article I show that this criterion is implicitly present in the personality theories of Sigmund Freud and Alfred Adler, although in more special cases. In the following articles I will show that this criterion is also implicitly present in the personality theories of Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, and Viktor Frankl. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]|
|Copyright of Psychology in Russia. State of the Art is the property of Lomonosov Moscow State University, on behalf of the Psychology Faculty and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder’s express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)|
|Persistent link to this record (Permalink):||https://su.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edb&AN=110693177&site=eds-live|
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